The National Book Critics Circle "honors outstanding writing and fosters a national conversation about reading, criticism and literature." National Book Critics Circle Awards "are given each March and honor the best literature published in the United States in six categories—autobiography, biography, criticism, fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. These are the only national literary awards chosen by critics themselves."
Here are the 2013 nominees in the Biography and Autobiography categories.
Lawrence in Arabia: war, deceit, imperial folly and the making of the modern Middle East
by Scott Anderson (M)
Arab Revolt against the Turks in World War I was, in the words of T.E.
Lawrence, "a sideshow to a sideshow." As a result, the conflict was
shaped to a remarkable degree by four men far removed from the corridors
of power. Curt Pruefer was an effete academic attached to the German
embassy in Cairo, whose clandestine role was to foment jihad against
British rule. Aaron Aaronsohn was a renowned agronomist and committed
Zionist who gained the trust of the Ottoman governor of Palestine.
William Yale was the fallen scion of the American aristocracy, who
traveled the Ottoman Empire on behalf of Standard Oil, dissembling to
the Turks in order gain valuable oil concessions. At the center of it
all was Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence. In early 1914 he was an
archaeologist digging ruins in Syria; by 1919 he was riding into legend
at the head of an Arab army, as he fought a rearguard action against his own government and its imperial ambitions."
Jonathan Swift: his life and his world
by Leo Damrosch (M)
"Jonathan Swift is best remembered today as the author of Gulliver’s Travels, the satiric fantasy that quickly became a classic and has remained in print for nearly three centuries. Yet Swift also wrote many other influential works, was a major political and religious figure in his time, and became a national hero, beloved for his fierce protest against English exploitation of his native Ireland. What is really known today about the enigmatic man behind these accomplishments? Can the facts of his life be separated from the fictions? In this deeply researched biography, Leo Damrosch draws on discoveries made over the past thirty years to tell the story of Swift’s life anew."
Bach: music in the castle of heaven
by John Eliot Gardiner (M)
Sebastian Bach is one of the most unfathomable composers in the history
of music. How can such sublime work have been produced by a man who
(when we can discern his personality at all) seems so ordinary, so
opaque—and occasionally so intemperate? John Eliot Gardiner grew up
passing one of the only two authentic portraits of Bach every morning
and evening on the stairs of his parents’ house, where it hung for
safety during World War II. He has been studying and performing Bach
ever since, and is now regarded as one of the composer’s greatest living
interpreters. The fruits of this lifetime’s immersion are distilled in this remarkable book,
grounded in the most recent Bach scholarship but moving far beyond it,
and explaining in wonderful detail the ideas on which Bach drew, how he
worked, how his music is constructed, how it achieves its effects—and
what it can tell us about Bach the man."
Holding on Upside Down: the life and work of Marianne Moore by Linda Leavell (M)
"A mesmerizing and essential biography of the modernist American poet
Marianne Moore. The Marianne Moore that survives in the popular
imagination is dignified, white-haired, and demure in her tricorne hat;
she lives with her mother until the latter's death; she maintains
meaningful friendships with fellow poets but never marries or falls in
love. Linda Leavell delves beneath the surface of this calcified image
to reveal a passionate, canny woman caught between genuine devotion to
her mother and an irrepressible desire for personal autonomy and
freedom. Her many poems about survival are not just quirky nature
studies but acts of survival themselves."
Birth Certificate: the story of Danilo Kis
by Mark Thompson (M)
Kis (1935-89) was a Yugoslav novelist, essayist, poet, and translator
whose work generated storms of controversy in his homeland but today
holds classic status. Kis was championed by prominent literary figures
around the world. As more of his works become available in translation,
they are prized by an international readership drawn to Kis's innovative brilliance as a storyteller and to his profound meditation on history, culture, and the human condition at the end of the twentieth century. A subtle analysis of a rich and varied body of writing, Birth Certificate is also a careful and sensitive telling of a life that experienced some of the last century's greatest cruelties.
Kis's father was a Hungarian Jew, his mother a Montenegrin of Orthodox
faith. The father disappeared into the Holocaust and the son --
cosmopolitan, anticommunist, and passionately opposed to the
myth-drenched nationalisms of his native lands -- grew up chafing
against the hypocrisies of Titoism. His writing broke with the epic
mode, pioneered modernist techniques in his language, fulminated against
literary kitsch, and sketched out a literary heritage."
The Book of My Lives
by Aleksandar Hemon (M)
"Aleksandar Hemon's lives begin in Sarajevo, a small, blissful city where a young boy's life is consumed with street soccer with the neighborhood kids, resentment of his younger sister, and trips abroad with his engineer-cum-beekeeper father; a young man's life is about poking at elder pretensions with American music, bad poetry, and slightly better journalism. And then, his life in Chicago: watching from afar as war breaks out and the city comes under siege; his parents and sister fleeing Sarajevo, leaving behind all they had ever known; and Hemon himself starting a new life in this new city. And yet this is not really a memoir--Hemon's first book of nonfiction defies convention and expectation. It is a love song to two different cities; it is a paean to the bonds of family; it is an exhortation to go out and play soccer--and not for the exercise. It is a book driven by passions but built on fierce intelligence, devastating experience, and sharp insight. And like the best narratives, it is a book that will leave you a different person, with a new way of looking at the world."
Men We Reaped
by Jesmyn Ward (M)
memoir that examines rural poverty and the lingering strains of racism
in the south by the prize-winning author of "Salvage the Bones." In five
years, Jesmyn Ward lost five young men in her life--to drugs,
accidents, suicide, and the bad luck that can follow people who live in
poverty, particularly black men. Dealing with these losses, one after
another, made Jesmyn ask the question: Why? Her brother and her friends
all died because of who they were and where they were from, because they
lived with a history of racism and economic struggle that fostered drug
addiction and the dissolution of family and relationships. Jesmyn grew
up in poverty in rural Mississippi. She writes powerfully about the
pressures this brings, on the men who can do no right and the women who
stand in for family in a society where the men are often absent. As the
sole member of her family to leave home and pursue higher education, she
writes about this parallel American universe with the objectivity
distance provides and the intimacy of utter familiarity"
Wave by Sonali Deraniyagala (M)
brave, intimate, beautifully crafted memoir by a survivor of the
tsunami that struck the Sri Lankan coast in 2004 and took her entire
family. On December 26, Boxing Day, Sonali Deraniyagala, her English
husband, her parents, her two young sons, and a close friend were ending
Christmas vacation at the seaside resort of Yala on the south coast of
Sri Lanka when a wave suddenly overtook them. She was only to learn
later that this was a tsunami that devastated coastlines through
Southeast Asia. When the water began to encroach closer to their hotel,
they began to run, but in an instant, water engulfed them, Sonali was
separated from her family, and all was lost. Sonali Deraniyagala has
written an extraordinarily honest, utterly engrossing account of the
surreal tragedy of a devastating event that all at once ended her life
as she knew it and her journey since in search of understanding and
redemption. It is also a remarkable portrait of a young family's life
and what came before, with all the small moments and larger dreams that
suddenly and irrevocably ended"
Farewell, Fred Voodoo: a letter from Haiti
by Amy Wilentz (M)
traces the country’s history from its slave plantations through its
turbulent revolutionary history, its kick-up-the-dirt guerrilla
movements, its totalitarian dynasty that ruled for decades, and its long
and always troubled relationship with the United States. Yet through a
history of hardship shines Haiti’s creative culture—its African
traditions, its French inheritance, and its uncanny resilience, a
strength that is often confused with resignation. Haiti emerged from the
dust of the 2010 earthquake like a powerful spirit, and this stunning
book describes the country’s day-to-day struggle and its relationship to
outsiders who come to help out. There are human-rights reporters gone
awry, movie stars turned aid workers, priests and musicians running for
president, doctors turned diplomats. A former U.S. president works as a
house builder and voodoo priests try to control elections."
The Faraway Nearby
by Rebecca Solnit (M)
"A companion to "A Field Guide for Getting Lost." Rebecca Solnit explores the ways we make our lives out of stories, and how we are connected by empathy, by narrative, by imagination. In the course of unpacking some of her own stories--of her mother and her decline from memory loss, of a trip to Iceland, of an illness. Solnit revisits fairytales and entertains other stories: about arctic explorers, Che Guevara among the leper colonies, and Mary Shelley's Dr. Frankenstein, about warmth and coldness, pain and kindness, decay and transformation, making art and making self. Woven together, these stories create a map which charts the boundaries and territories of storytelling, reframing who each of us is and how we might tell our story."